Lower Back Pain

A Look At Pyloric Stenosis

Pyloric stenosis is a type of stenosis that usually affects infants. Pyloric stenosis occurs when the pylorus muscles becomes enlarged and prevents the passage of food.  What exactly is the  pylorus? It is the lower part of the stomach through which food passes to the small intestine. Pyloric stenosis is a very common disease among infants and is referred to by several other names like gastric outlet obstruction or infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. We have also drawn out some interesting facts about the occurrence of pyloric stenosis. It is more common in Caucasian infants than other type of infants. It is more likely to affect infants of the blood group O or B. It is more common in male infants. It is a genetic disorder.

Now let us discuss the causes of pyloric stenosis. The exact cause of this condition has not been determined till now. Two most dominant causes are hormones passed on by the mother and allergic reaction. Doctors strongly believe that this condition occurs when the pyloric muscles lack receptors which hamper its proper functioning.

Let us discuss the symptoms of pyloric stenosis. The first one is vomiting immediately upon sometimes there is even projectile vomiting meaning that breast milk is ejected immediately after   a child is fed. In some rare cases blood is also ejected. Constipation is another symptom to look out for. Failure to gain weight can be a signal of pyloric stenosis. Some other physical symptoms you can look out for are sunken eyes, wrinkles in the belly and the upper part of the arms and legs. Scanty urine discharge is another symptom of this condition.

In terms of treatments available first a blood test or ultrasound is done to confirm the status and then a surgical procedure called a pyloromyotomy is performed. In this procedure the thickened muscles are spread opened to ensure passage of food. Most babies usually recover in around 48 hours after the operation and can be taken home.