Upper Back Pain

Shoulder and Upper Back Pain

The shoulder, like the neck, is a part of upper back. They are connected with each other and with the spinal chord through some muscles and ligaments. The pectoralis, latissimus dorsi, rhomboids and SITS muscles provide support and strength to the shoulder joints and if these muscles become weak the shoulder joints become unstable. Further, when there is an excessive strain on neck muscles, shoulder joints get affected leading to a sensation of tremendous pain.

The shoulder joints consist of three bones- clavicle, scapula and humerus. These bones facilitate shoulder movement. The clavicle joints are ball-and-socket type joints that help the shoulder to moveĀ  in different directions. It contains the rotator cuff. Rotator cuff holds the ball in the socket with the support of some muscles and facilitates easy rotation of the shoulder joints. The two important shoulder muscles are pectoralis and the the latissimus dorsi. These two muscles help in the movement of joints, especially in the inward direction. Shoulder movement is also because of these muscles. As arms move along with shoulder, the front shoulder muscles are stretched and become tight. The upper back muscles becomes weak and overstretched and can lead to kyphosis. Kyphosis is the bending forward of the shoulders and back, the person suffering from kyphosis may face problems while breathing and loss of height. The person may also experience tightened shoulder muscles and weak upper back muscles. Such symptoms are common in people working on computer for a long hours.

Some of the common shoulder problems, which might result in shoulder and upper back pain, are:

* Shoulder separation
* Bursitis and tendinitis
* Frozen shoulder
* Fracture or arthritis

Most of the movements in the body are done by shoulder. The shoulder is more vulnerable to get injured because the ball of the upper arms is larger then the socket holding it. However, the arrangement is held together by muscles, tendons and ligaments. Any injury, overuse or under use of these muscles may lead to shoulder and upper back pain. The shoulder pain may occur within a single area and chances are that it may spread across other areas of the upper back. It is because the neck, shoulder and upper back are held together by an almost unified muscular system. One should be cautious because if a pain occurs anywhere in this region, it won't take long to become shoulder and upper back pain.