Backpain Overview

Understanding Scoliosis

Scoliosis is a condition which is more common among young children and adolescents. It happens because of an abnormal curvature in the spine. This condition is regarded as genetic. It is more frequent among children usually before puberty and more prone among girls. If not treated in childhood, it can progress to adulthood and cause lifelong bending of the spine. There are instances of 70 degrees and more of bending causing permanent damage to the spine. Usually, scoliosis surgery is carried out when it has been found that the spine is taking a curvature of more than 30 to 40 degrees.

Scoliosis cannot be traced easily as it does not cause pain in the initial years and the curvature may be ignored. Common symptoms include abnormal shape of the shoulders, hips, waist, or standing in an inclined position. Treatment requires careful understanding of things like the precise age at which the problem began, whether anyone in his family had that problem, and the severity of the problem. Sometimes, the problem may be further complicated due to permanent nerve damage that has already occurred along the spinal column.

Scoliosis surgery is carried out when it is seen that the curved spine is progressing and the degree of curvature is increasing. Surgery is suggested with the intention of fusing the spine, so that it doesn't bend more with adulthood. The curvature of the spine doesn't stop until it’s commanded externally. Some other preventive measures include orthopedic braces. But they have a limitation and their use should be initiated at an early age. Scoliosis is a problem that can be managed well if detected early, thus it is the detection of scoliosis that needs to be stressed upon. Children showing any signs of unwanted or unintentional curvature in the spine should be sent to an orthopedic for checking the initiation of scoliosis.