Backpain Overview

Tracheal Stenosis

It is observed that the tracheal stenosis generally results from the focal disease or diffuse disease. In this ailment, the patients may show symptoms like cough, wheezing, dyspone, and stridor.  Most of the times, the prolonged treatment or misdiagnoses of bronchial asthma may compound the disease and the patient may head for more trouble. There are several diseases that may lead to tracheal stenosis and may be classified in two categories:

Focal diseases:
Benign neoplasm
Primary malignant neoplasm, and
Secondary malignant neoplasm
Tracheal stricture

Diffuse diseases:
Amyloidosis thoracic
Infectious disorders
Relapsing polychondritis
Sabre sheath trachea
Sarcoidosis
Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica
Tracheomalacia

The tracheal stenosis may also be one of the causes due to the following reasons:

Congenital conditions
Under this condition, the pulmonary artery sling may result into tracheal stenosis.
Autoimmune conditions
There are three autoimmune conditions that may cause you tracheal stenosis:
Polychondritis
Sarcoidosis
Wegener's granulomatosis

Bacteria and bacterial conditions
Mycobacterium tuberclosis becomes one of the major bacterial agents that may develop into a tracheal stenosis.

Iatrogenic conditions
If you are suffering from Istrogenic diseases like the endotracheal intubation, the risks of suffering from the tracheal stenosis are high.

Tracheal stenosis is on the increase nowadays, however, the symptoms are so simple that it becomes difficult to identify it at the initial stage. The standard measure of tracheal stenosis is bronchoscopy. With the help of this medical procedure, the narrowing limit of the disease can be calculated the doctor is able to measure the inflammation of the airways. It also helps you measure the internal bleeding in the airways if it is there. There is one limitation to bronchoscopy, that is it will work well only if the trachea is larger than the smallest bronchoscopy tube available.  This therapy enables you to know the narrowing of the trachea, especially when the narrowing results due to external mass or any other vascular anomaly.

Traditionally, the tracheal stenosis affects five main regions of the trachea.

Upper one third of the trachea is prone to attack from the trachea stenosis
Middle one third of the trachea is also sensitive to this disease.
It also affects the Lower one third of the trachea
It affects the right main bronchi
The left main bronchus is affected by it.

The tracheal stenosis may cause you exturbation for a few days which even may extend to a period of a week depending on the severity of the disease. After the latency period has been attained, the symptoms may develop for a period of months or years. Tracheal stenosis may cause you serious health troubles. It would be better to recognize the symptoms timely so that you can avoid the disease or get it cured in time to avoid serious complications.